War on cancer, year 40: who’s winning?
Otis Brawley at TEDMED 2012Some two-thirds of cancer are caused by lifestyle choices, says Otis Brawley, chief medical offer of the American Cancer Society. But routine screening, which causes over-diagnosing, is not the answer.
Otis Brawley - Q&A at TEDMED 2012Otis Brawley, Chief Medical Officer of the American Cancer Society, answers questions about cancer overtreatment and how lifestyle choices may cause cancer - even decades later.
Otis Webb Brawley, M.D., is the chief medical officer of the American Cancer Society, responsible for promoting cancer prevention, early detection, and high-quality treatment through cancer research and education. A world-renowned cancer expert and practicing oncologist, Brawley has also been a professor of hematology, oncology, and epidemiology at Emory University, medical director of the Georgia Cancer Center for Excellence at Grady Memorial Hospital in Atlanta, Georgia, and deputy director for cancer control at Winship Cancer Institute at Emory University. He has also co-chaired the Surgeon General's Task Force on Cancer Health Disparities and filled a variety of capacities at the National Cancer Institute.
A self-described "science nerd," Brawley gravitated toward research because it blends the practice of medicine with pure science. As a teen, he volunteered in the Veterans Administration Hospital lab in Detroit. Scientists there taught him to use sophisticated equipment and to help them with their work. "That's where I got the research bug," he says.
A graduate of University of Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine, Brawley interned at University Hospital of Cleveland, Case-Western Reserve University and completed his residency at University Hospital of Cleveland.
Beyond his ongoing educational, prevention and treatment campaigns at the ACS, Brawley guides efforts to enhance and focus the research program, upgrade the society's advocacy capacity, and concentrate community cancer control efforts in areas where they will be most effective. Brawley is also a key leader in the Society's work to eliminate disparities in access to high-quality cancer care.
War on cancer, year 40: who’s winning? (Otis Brawley)
Science Kit for Otis Brawley
Cancer Statistics with a focus on obesity and cancer
American Cancer Society. Cancer Facts & Figures 2012. Atlanta: American Cancer Society; 2012. Available at: http://www.cancer.org/Research/CancerFactsFigures/CancerPreventionEarlyDetectionFactsFigures/cancer-prevention-early-detection-facts-figures-2011
Annual Report to the Nation on the status of cancer, 1975-2008, featuring cancers associated with excess weight and lack of sufficient physical activity. Christie Eheman PhD, S. Jane Henley MSPH, Rachel Ballard-Barbash MD, MPH, Eric J. Jacobs PhD, Maria J. Schymura PhD, Anne-Michelle Noone MS, Liping Pan MD, MPH, Robert N. Anderson PhD, Janet E. Fulton PhD, Betsy A. Kohler MPH, CTR, Ahmedin Jemal DVM, PhD, Elizabeth Ward PhD, Marcus Plescia MD, MPH, Lynn A. G. Ries MS, Brenda K. Edwards PhD published online 28 March 2012 at: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/cncr.27514/abstract
The potential for cancer prevention is reviewed in
Colditz GA, Wolin KY, Gehlert S. Applying what we know to accelerate cancer prevention. Sci.Transl.Med. 2012;4:127rv4.
A PDF is attached, NOTE: I am unsure of copyright issues.
American Cancer Society. Cancer Prevention and Early Detection Facts and Figures 2011. Atlanta; American Cancer Society, 2011
Principles of Cancer Screening
Cancer screening in the United States, 2012: A review of current American Cancer Society guidelines and current issues in cancer screening. Smith RA, Cokkinides V, Brawley OW. CA Cancer J Clin. 2012 Jan 19. doi: 10.3322/caac.20143 available at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.3322/caac.20143/abstract and at
Principles of Breast Cancer Screening
Principles of Lung Cancer Screening
Principles of Prostate Cancer Screening
- Cancer Facts & Figures
- Annual Report to the Nation on the status of Cancer, 1975-2008
- Cancer Prevention and early detection Facts and Figures
- Principles of Cancer Screening
- Principles of Cancer Screening
- Principles of Breast Cancer Screening
- Prevention, putting knowledge into action
- Principles of Lung Cancer Screening
- Principles of Prostate Cancer Screening